You may have had a liver function test come back out of range and the Doctor has asked you to have a repeat test in a month or so. This is because the enzymes maybe raised due to lifestyle choices rather than any significant disease process.
AST Aspartate Transaminase
These enzymes don’t float around in the blood for long and it’s only 16 hours before their amounts are halved. The main cause for raised AST is liver damage. The enzyme can also be found in muscles surrounding the bone, and the heart and in organs like the kidneys, pancreas, spleen and lung. It is useful to know what the AST level is to help work out the most likely cause of the raised result.
ALT Alanine amino transferase
Most of this enzyme comes from the bone and liver and is seen high in times of growth – childhood, puberty, breast feeding and menopause and when a broken bone is mending.
This enzyme is more likely to be related to bile flow rather than the liver itself.
It takes about 16 – 60 hours for this enzyme to reduce by half
GGT Gamma Glutamyl Transferase
The liver produces most of this enzyme and is the biggest reclyer of Glutathione the most important detoxifier. This liver enzyme result is not too helpful on it’s own as it is in the kidneys, pancreas, heart, brain and prostate as well, so other signs and symptoms need to be checked out before drawing any conclusions.
Reasons why it may be raised are: Alcohol, some drugs like NSAIDS, statins, antibiotics, H2 Receptor blockers, anti-convulsants, antifungal agents, antidepressants and testosterone. It may also mean issues with cholesterol and a fatty liver.
Pathocize (exercise for your pathology)
AST depends of Vitamin B6
AST depends on Vitamin B6
ALP depends on Magnesium and Zinc and good amounts of protein
GGT Minimising alcohol intake and unnecessary medications. Eating a healthy ‘good’ fat diet
Ensuring your bowels are open daily
Liver protective herbs like St Mary’s Thistle, Globe Artichoke, Blupleurum and Andrographis can be helpfu
Vitamin B6 Foods https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/vitamins/vitamin-B6
|Food||Serving Size||Vitamin B6 (mg)|
|Salmon, wild (cooked)||3 ounces*||0.48-0.80|
|Potato, Russet, with skin (baked)||1 medium||0.70|
|Turkey, light meat (cooked)||3 ounces||0.69|
|Chicken, light meat without skin (cooked)||3 ounces||0.51|
|Spinach (cooked)||1 cup||0.44|
|Dried plums, pitted||1 cup||0.36|
|Hazelnuts (dry roasted)||1 ounce||0.18|
*A three-ounce serving of meat or fish is about the size of a deck of cards.
|Food||Serving Size||Magnesium (mg)|
|Dark Chocolate||100 grams||327|
|Spinach, cooked||1 cup||157|
|Seeds, pumpkin and squash||1 oz approx (142 seeds)||151|
|Beans, black||1 cup||120|
|Fish: Mackerel, Pollock and Tuna||100 grams||97|
|Okra, frozen||1 cup||94|
|Beans and Lentils: White Beans, Kidney Beans, and Garbanzo Beans||100 grams||86|
|Dark Leafy Greens: Spinach, Chard and Kale||100 grams||79|
|Dried Fruit: Prunes, Apricots, and Dates||100 grams||68|
|Plantain, raw||1 medium||66|
|Nuts, peanuts||1 oz||64|
|Whole grain cereal, cooked||1 cup||56|
Whole Grains: Brown Rice, Quinoa
|Broccoli, raw||1 cup||22|
|Food||Serving Size||Zinc (mg)|
|Wheat Germ (Toasted)||100gm||16.7mg|
|Beef (Lean, Cooked)||100gm||12.3mg|
|Veal Liver (Cooked)||100gm||11.9mg|
|Pumpkin & Squash Seeds (Roasted)||100gm||10.3mg|
|Dried Herbs & Spices (Chervil)||100gm||8.8mg|
|Lamb (Lean, Cooked)||100gm||8.7mg|