Thyroid Blood Tests – What’s in a full Thyroid Blood Panel?

Thyroid Blood Tests – What’s in a full Thyroid Blood Panel?

The common TSH – Thyroid Stimulating Hormone is known as the TFT blood test.
Although this is called the Thyroid Function Test (TFT) it only tests for the one hormone.

This hormone is a secretion from the Pituitary hormone and not your Thyroid.

It is a messenger hormone and its’ release is stimulated further upstream by another hormone from the Hypothalamus called the Thyrotropin Releasing Hormone TRH.

The release of TRH is caused by the lack of hormone being detected in the body.

Once the Thyroid has been stimulated it will excrete from its’ stores of hormone. Mainly T4 and some T3 will be released into the blood stream.

Thyroxine, T4 is a combination of a small protein molecule called an amino acid of Tyrosine molecule with 4 mineral molecules of Iodine.

Once the T4 is released into the blood stream it circulates the body. A molecule of Iodine will be cut off from the T4 by an enzymes called deiodinase. It then becomes the active hormone T3 or changed again by different deiodinase into T2 or RT3 – Reverse T3.

RT3 or Reverse T3, is the mirror image of Active T3 and it is this hormone that will block the activity of the active T3. RT3 is commonly elevated in times of stress or too much medicated Thyroxine.

There are three Thyroid antibodies to test for:

Thyroperoxidase Antibody, TPOab

Thyroperoxidase is the enzyme that takes hydrogen peroxide that is made in the Thyroid cell and breaks it apart into Oxygen and Hydrogen. The Oxygen is then used to turn the Iodide into Iodine before it attached to the Thyroglobulin prior to the formation of T4. As you can imagine, if there are antibodies involved in this process with Hydrogen Peroxide involved there will be excessive inflammation and toxic damage. That is why TPOab is considered most aggressive and damaging of the Thyroid gland.

ThyroGlobulin Antibody, TGab

The Thyroglobulin is a large protein molecule that is made within the Thyroid cell and becomes the backbone on which the newly made T4 and some T3 are attached. This protein molecule takes the hormones from the central colloid reservoir back to the external cell wall where the Thyroglobulin is dissolved and the T4 and T3 are released and excreted into the blood stream. The antibodies will work against this protein molecule.

Thyroid Receptor Antibodies, TRabs

The TSH attaches itself to the Thyroid Receptors on the external cell wall. This in turn stimulates the production of the Thyroid hormones. If these receptors are over stimulated then the production of Thyroid hormone increases such in the case of Graves disease where there are too much Thyroid hormone sent around the body.

Why will my Dr only test TSH?

Why will my Dr only test TSH?

Many of my clients come to see me who have seen their Dr time and time again as they are suffering from the symptoms of having low thyroid hormone.  It is partially frustrating for them, that after pathology is completed with me, they find out they have Thyroid Antibodies pointing to the auto-immune disease, Hashimotos.

So why don’t the Dr’s test more than the TSH?

Medicare is your answer.  The Dr’s are bound by specifics and it not their fault.

For the costs of a test to be covered on Medicare they have certain rulings around what test will be covered.

For Thyroid there are a few different rulings:

 

Item 66716

For Thyroid, this ruling states 66719: TSH quantitation

Thyroid function tests (comprising the service described in item 66716 [above] and 1 or more of the following tests – free thyroxine, free T3, for a patient, if at least 1 of the following conditions is satisfied:

(a) the patient has an abnormal level of TSH; [See Rule 9 below – it says “outside the normal reference range”]

(b) the tests are performed:

(i) for the purpose of monitoring thyroid disease [it has been previously diagnosed] in the patient; or
(ii) to investigate the sick euthyroid [a normal thyroid that is affected by an illness or accident] syndrome if the patient is an admitted patient; or

(iii) to investigate dementia or psychiatric illness of the patient; or

(iv) to investigate amenorrhoea [when you don’t get a period] or infertility of the patient;

(c) the medical practitioner who requested the tests suspects the patient has a pituitary dysfunction;

(d) the patient is on drugs that interfere with thyroid hormone metabolism or function (Item is subject to rule 9)

 

Rule 9:

Thyroid function testing
9. (1) For item 66719: abnormal level of TSH means a level of TSH that is outside the normal reference range in respect of the particular method of assay used to determine the level.

9. (2) Except where paragraph (a) of item 66719 is satisfied, the amount specified in the item is not payable in respect of a pathology service described in the item unless the pathologist who renders the service has a written statement from the medical practitioner who requested the service that satisfies subrule (3).

9. (3) The written statement from the medical practitioner must indicate:
(a) that the tests are required for a particular purpose, being a purpose specified in paragraph (b) of item 66719; or

(b) that the medical practitioner who requested the tests suspects the patient has pituitary dysfunction; or

(c) that the patient is on drugs that interfere with thyroid hormone metabolism or function.

So, that is why you won’t get more out of your Dr because he is scripting for you for tests that will be paid under Medicare. So they are doing as much as they can within Medicare boundaries.

It may be more convenient (cost and time effective) to get a full thyroid profile done through a functional practitioner.  This saves your Dr having to justify and conform to Medicare’s ruling and saves you time of two Dr’s visits plus your time off work to do so – one for the initial appointment and the second to go back for the results before you are able to take action on them with your functional practitioner. 

Reference:

Medicare Benefits Schedule Book
Category 6
Operating from 1 January 2019

http://www.mbsonline.gov.au/internet/mbsonline/publishing.nsf/Content/1E8EDDDB20264E41CA2583610081D914/$File/201901-Cat6.pdf

 

 

Why you may not be ‘letting go’ so easily

Why you may not be ‘letting go’ so easily

My nudie almost 3 year old was running around the house …… singing
”Let it Go……..Let it go” in an off-key shrill voice..…..and it got me to thinking how relevant that is when it comes to passing fecal matter.

Why you may not be “Letting go” so easily

 

1. Are you eating enough

Stand up for a moment and place your hands on your hips. Now put your right hand above the hip on the soft part of your waist, that is about the area when your large intestine begins, then trace your hand up to your ribs (ascending colon) to below your ribcage then go across to the left side of the ribs (transverse colon) and straight down (descending colon) to where your left hand is on your hip. It is about 1.5 metres long.

This large tube is a succession of pouches called Haustra. Visualise the Roman Blinds with the cords that when you pull, the curtain goes up and forms pouches.

Two types of movement propels the semi-fluid mixture called chyme (say KIM) along to its’ final destination.

The first is when these pouches are filled up enough, the distention causes the walls to contract and the contents are pushed onto the next pouch. The second is the muscles of the intestine (like the cords in the roman blinds) that provide contractions along the whole of the large intestine squeezing the chyme along called peristalsis.

Can you now understand why you need volume for this process to work? The large intestine requires that distention of the walls for the contraction to propel the chyme along.

 

2. Are you eating regularly?

Peristalsis, mentioned earlier, is initiated by food in the stomach. During or after a meal a mass pertistaltic action takes place which quickly propels the sitting chyme from the transverse colon (the part of the colon going across from right to left) down to the end of the colon to the rectum.

 

3. Are you drinking enough water?

If you are not passing a stool daily, straining or sitting on the toilet too long it may be due to lack of fluid.

My textbook tells me that about 9.3 Litres of water enter the small intestine each day coming from ingestion of liquids 2.3 Litres and other gastrointestinal secretions (7.0 Litres).1 Did you read that………. “Ingestion from liquids 2.3 Litres.” Do you drink that much? Do you drink extra water for every coffee or tea (herbals okay) that you drink?

The body’s secretions in a day are 1 litre for saliva, 2 Litres for gastric juice, Bile 1 Litre, Pancreatic juices 2 Litres, Intestinal juice 1 Litre, Small Intestine a whooping 8.3 Litres and Large Intestine 900ml. Total 9.2 Litres. Only 100ml is excreted with faeces. 1

You don’t get good results by cleaning your dishes in minimal dirty dishwater, why treat your body that way. Drink fresh filtered (no plastics please) water.

By the way, dehydration has already occurred before the sensation of thirst is noticed. 1

 

4. Are you toilet trained?

Do you listen and act on your urges? Are you rushing out the door and don’t have time or hate going anywhere but to your own toilet.

As you are aware you can control when to open the bowel. If you do not ‘go’ when the green lights say too, the stool will sit back and wait until you are ready. This can cause excessive water re-absorption causing hard dry stools which make the end result take longer and may cause haemorrhoids from straining.

Pick a time of a day that suits and routinely take time to retrain the bowel.

 

5. Are you exercising?

Regular physical activity tones up the muscles and reflexes and keeps peristalsis active.
6. Do you take Medications?

Some medications that may be causing constipation are 15

Prescription – Opiates, Anticholinergics, Tricyclic antidepressants, Calcium channel blockers, Sympathomimetics, Antipsychotics, Diuretics, Antihistamines.

Over the Counter (OTC) – Antacids, especially calcium containing, Calcium supplements, Iron supplements, Antidiarrheal agents, NSAIDS.

 

7. Are you getting enough fibre?

There are two types of fibre, soluble and insoluble.

Soluble fibre has a gel consistency and tends to slow the movement of digested matter through the tract. Examples are beans, oats, barley, broccoli, prunes, apples and citrus fruits.1

Insoluble fibre is structural parts of plants which tend to sweep through the colon unchanged and increases the speed through the tract. Examples are fruit and vegetable skins and bran coating around wheat and corn kernels. 1

 

8. Are you holding on to emotions?

Louise Hay writes that for every condition in the body there is a NEED FOR IT. Otherwise, we would not have it. The symptom is only an outer effect. We must go within to dissolve the mental cause. Work on the WILLINGNESS TO RELEASE THE NEED for constipation, prior to begin the new thought pattern affirmation. 8

Her interpretation of Constipation is “Refusing to release old ideas. Stuck in the past. Sometimes stinginess.” 8

Affirmation: As I release the past, the new and fresh and vital enter. I allow life to flow through me. 8

Annette Noontil in her book The Body is the Barometer of the Soul, So Be Your Own Doctor II, writes that constipation is “A bottling up of what you want to say, and not saying it. 9

 

9. What can I do to improve my bowel action?

Eat more foods that lubricate the Intestine. 3

Alfalfa sprouts
Almond
Apple
Apricot
Banana
Beet
Carrot
Cauliflower
Honey
Peach
Pear
Pine nut
Prune
Seaweed
Sesame seed/oil
Spinach
Walnut

 

Eat more foods which promote bowel movement. 3

Asparagus
Black sesame seed
Bran from oats, wheat or rice
Cabbage
Castor oil
Coconut
Fig
Papaya
Peas
Sweet potato

 

Eat more Flora enhancing foods. 3

Acidophilus
Chlorophyll-rich foods – wheat grass, dark greens, micro-algae (wild blue-green and spirulina) and alfalfa greens
Dairy yoghurt
Kefir
Miso
Rejuvelac
Sauerkraut
Seed yoghurt

 

Try these probiome enriching Recipes

Lactobacillus Starter Culture – Whey Derived. 11

Ingredients
• 1 litre milk (biodynamic, organic, unhomgenised, unpasteurised)
Instructions
It is critical to use unhomogenised, unpasteurised milk to make your culture, as these processes kill the friendly bacteria which you need to make whey.
Place the milk in a warm place away from direct sunlight. Leave the milk for 2-4 days. The milk will curdle and separate, giving you half curds and half whey.
Whey is the clear yellowy liquid. Strain the mixture through a strainer lined with cheesecloth, muslin or a clean tea towel.
Gather the cheesecloth up and tie some string around it and hand it up so that whey strains out. (You can use the curds as a delicious soft cheese by adding a pinch of celtic sea salt).
Store the whey in the fridge as needed. It will keep for up to 6 months.
They whey is your lactobacillus starter culture, from which you can develop your own healthy lactobacillus drinks, supplements, vegetables and ferments.
** You can also purchase potent probiotic cultures to obtain natural and friendly bacteria.
** With all ferments, if they start smelling bad, discard them. Bad Bacteria smell – Good bacteria don’t!

 

Rejuvelac 12

To make approximately 3 Cups

1 Cup Wheat berries (organic wheat)
3 Cups spring or filtered water
A container – a glass jar with a wide mouth

1. Wash seed by rinsing well and scrub seeds with hands to remove any out residue in a bowl. Allow dead seeds to float to top and skim them off and discard – they will not promote fermentation.
2. Place the wheat in the large glass jar and fill with the filtered water
3. Soak the wheat berries for the first time for 48 hours. (The seed is becoming porous)
4. Cover the jar with a sprouting screen top or muslin
5. Keep in a dark quiet place. You will start to notice that the water water will get cloudy and little bubbles will start forming.
6. After 48 hours pour off your rejuvelac. Use for that day. It needn’t be refrigerated, but will keep several days if it is.
7. Pour another 2 cups of spring or filtered water into the jar. Allow water to ferment only 24 hours before pouring off.
8. Repeat 24hr cycles for 3 days, so wheat berries are soaked a total of 3 times.

In summer the warmer temperature will increase the fermentation time. Reduce the first 48 hours to 36 and the following 24 hour cycles to 16 hours each. You may like to experiment with millet, oats, rice, barley, rye, buckwheat etc.

 

Simple Sauerkraut 11

60 Minutes Total Time

Ingredients
• 2 Kilograms cabbage (2-3 kg of shredded cabbage)
• 2 Tablespoons sea salt
Instructions
You will also need: Mason jars with airlocks.

Finely shred the cabbage and place it in a bowl in batches, sprinkling each batch with a layer of sea salt. When you are finished with the shredding, use your hands to massage it well until it breaks down and becomes soft (about 10 minutes). Pack very tightly into jars, pushing all of the cabbage down until it is completely submerged by liquid.

Tighten the lid and ensure the airlock is installed properly. Let ferment on the countertop for 3-4 weeks, at which point you can remove the airlock and put a regular lid on it. It will keep for a few months in the refrigerator.

Variations: The possibilities of fermented vegetables are endless – you can use different types of cabbage, carrots, beets, garlic, ginger, and many other vegetables in different combinations to make a rich array of probiotic foods.

 

Avoid these foods 3

All products with baking soda/powder, alcohol, tea, yeasted breads, refined white foods – white flour products, white sugar, white rice

This is a general guide, those with coeliacs or non-coelic gluten sensitivity should avoid gluten in oats, barley and bran coating on wheat and corn kernals

Other Remedies to check out if you are still ‘stuck’

 

Powerful Laxative (Cathartic) herbs

Cascara bark – acts on the peristaltic movement 4
Rhubarb root – taken in small doses it tones the intestinal wall, promotes appetite and can disperse any developing gas 4
Senna – promotes peristalsis movement via the blood stream rather than local irritation 6
Aloe – In small doses, it gives tone to intestinal muscle. In larger doses, it becomes a strong purgative, increasing colonic secretions and peristaltic contractions in the large intestine. It is harsher on the system than other anthraquinone laxatives, such as cascara and senna. 15

The above herbs should be used in extreme cases and under qualified supervision.7

They are not to be prescribed for long term use and Contra-Indications may apply.

 

Bulk Catharthic Herbs

These work by absorbing fluid, creating bulk and thus stimulating fecal movement.7
Slippery Elm – is also a source of water soluble and insoluble fibre5
Flax, fenugreek13 and psyllium – are highly nourishing demulcent seeds.3
Mix equal portions
Soak 3 Tblsp and eat once or twice daily
If you just have one of the seeds then do the same as above once or twice daily
These are a preferred option to dependence on bran. 7

 

Living Flower Essences

Dampiera “The freedom of letting go”
Physically – apply to lower abdomen to relieve constipation, oral doses for chronic problem. 10

Red Beak Orchid – Embracing wholeness
Red & Green Kangaroo Paw – The quality of closeness
Start’s Spider Orchid – The direct approach
Used in combination on the Ear (Auricular) – Acu point for constipation 10

 

Homoepathics indicated with Constipation symptom 14

Alumina – (Oxide of Aluminium) – Hard, dry knotty, no desire
Apis Mellifica (The Honey-Bee) – feels as if something would break on straining
Arsenicum Album (Arsenious Acid) – Burning pain and pressure in rectum and anus, stool small, offensive, dark
Bryonia (Wild Hops) – stools hard, dry, as if burnt, seem too large
Calcarea Carbonica (Arsenite of Lime) – stool large and hard, stool at first hard, then pasty, then liquid
Causticum – soft and small, size of goose-quill, hard, tough
Graphitis (Black Lead) – large, difficult, knotty stools united by mucus threads
Lachesis (Bushmaster) – offensive stool
Lycopodium (Club Moss) – stool hard, difficult, small, incomplete
Natrum Muriaticum (Chloride of Sodium) – stool dry, crumbling
Nux Vomica ( Poison Nut) – incomplete and unsatisfactory, with frequent ineffectual urging, feeling as if part remained unexpelled
Opium (Dried Latex of the Poppy) – obstinate, no desire to go to stool, round, hard black balls
Phophorus – very fetid stools and flatus, long, narrow, hard, like a dog’s, difficult to expel
Plumbum Metallicum (Lead) – stools hard, lumpy, black, with urging and spasms of anus
Sepia (Inky Juice of Cutlefish) – large, hard stools, feeling of a ball in rectum, cannot strain
Silicea (Silica) – always before and during menses
Thuja (Arbor Vitae) – with violent rectal pain, causing stool to recede
Zincum Metallicum (Zinc) – hard, small, constipated stool

Homoepathics taken singularly are usually prescribed constitutionally. That is the remedy is best suited to the whole person, not just one symptom. However taken at 30C, a physical dose may help for the short term. Prolonged use of the incorrect homeopathic or a higher dose may see other symptoms of that remedy emerge, however, these will stop once the remedy is no longer taken. Often, retail homoepathics are combinations of many remedies and are designed to treat a symptom, not the whole person.

Oh and to close, in case you were wondering what is faecal matter actually is

Chemically faecal matter consists of water, inorganic salts, sloughed off epithelial cells from the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract, bacteria, products of bacterial decomposition and undigested parts of food. 1

The colour comes from a by product of bile which is produced by the liver and breaks down fats. The main colour of bile is bilirubin that gets recycled and eventually finally broken down in the intestine. One of the by products of that process is stercobilin which is the colour of the feces. 1

 

References

1 Totora GJ & Grabowski SR (1996) PRINCIPLES of anatomy and physiology (8th
Edition) USA: Harper Collins
2 http://www.medicinenet.com/constipation/page2.htm
3 Ptichford Paul (1993) HEALING with Wholefoods Berkeley, California: North Atlantic Books
4 Hoffman David (2002) COMPLETE Illustrated Guide to The holistic herbal London: Element Books Limited
5 www.mediherb.com
6 Fisher Carole, Painter, Gilian ((1996) MATERIA Medica of Western Herbs for the Southern Hemisphere Australia
7 Anderhuber Ricki (2002) HERBAL Therapeutics Course notes for students of Herbal Medicine Perth WA
8 Hay Louise (1984) HEAL your Body NSW Australia: Specialist Publications
9 Noontil Annette (1998) THE body is the barometer of the soul II Australia: McPherson’s Printing Group
10 Barnao Vasudeva & Kadambii (1997) AUSTRALIAN flower essences for the 21st century
Perth: Advance Press
11 www.victusnutrition.com
12 Wigmore Anne (1978) RECIPES for Longer Life Anne Wigmore and Hippocrates Health Institute USA
13 http://naturalagroproducts.com/fenugreek.html
14 Kent James Tyler (1998) REPERTORY of the homoeopathic materia medica and a
work index New Delhi: B. Jain Publishers Pvt Ltd
15 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK10506/

Iron Pathology

Iron Pathology

Feeling fatigued, pale, inside of bottom eyelids pale? You may be lacking Iron

Iron is needed to make the red blood cell to carry oxygen around the body. Not enough Iron, not enough red blood cells.

Iron is naturally lower in the blood in the afternoon, so you may feel a bit tired.

Iron deficiency can be cause by direct blood loss via menses, pregnancy and abnormal bleeding. Inside the digestive system – stomach by ulcers, NSAIDS, intestines by hookworm, and large bowel by tumors, ulcerative colitis and haemorrhoids. You may not be having enough iron in your diet or unable to absorb it.

 

Transferrin

Carries the iron around the body.

It can be raised when the body is looking for Iron in cases of iron deficiency, Oestrogens, OCP, pregnancy, hypothyodism, B12 or folate deficiency or acute liver disease.

It’s reduced with chronic inflammatory and liver disease, malabsorption, malignancy, renal disease, thyrotoxicosis, steroid therapy and haemochromatosis

 

Saturation

Should be 10-50%. The closer to 50% you are the better.

 

Ferritin

This is your Iron stores and should be at 100. It also is affected by inflammation.  High levels might be caused from inflammation in iron rich tissues like the liver, gut, spleen and lymph system, so an investigation with a C-Reactive Protein (CRP) test is a good way to check that out.

High levels maybe from Iron overload like genetic haemochromatosis or fatty liver, alcohol, liver disease, malignancy, renal failure, thyroiditis, anorexia or blood infusion.
Low levels maybe from the same as low levels of Iron as they are draining the Iron stores.

Think of Iron in the blood as spending your cash and Transferrin as your cash card, so when you run out of cash you have it and always needing Ferritin as money in the bank with a balance of $100.

 

Pathocize (exercise for your pathology)

Ensuring you have good levels of Iron, check for anyone with haemochromatosis in your family. This can be masked while still having your menses and is revealed during menopause.

 

 Iron is found in these foods http://www.nutritionaustralia.org/national/resource/iron

Food Serving size Iron content
  Chicken liver 100g 11mg
  Beef 100g 3.5mg
  Kangaroo 100g 3.2mg
  Kidney beans 1 cup 3.1mg
  Green lentils 1 cup 3.0mg
  Tofu 100g 2.96mg
  Chickpeas 1 cup 2.7mg
  Lamb 100g 2.5mg
  Cashew nuts 30g (20 nuts) 1.5mg
  Salmon 100g 1.28mg
  Raw spinach 1 cup 1.2mg
  Tinned tuna 100g 1.07mg
  Rolled oats 30g 1.1mg
  Almonds 30g 1.1mg
  Lamb brains 100g 1.0mg
  Dried apricot 30g (5 dried apricots) 0.93mg
  Broccoli 1 cup 0.86mg
  Pork 100g 0.8mg
  Cooked brown rice 140g (1 cup) 0.7mg
  Chicken 100g 0.4mg
  Snapper 100g 0.3mg

 

  • eat foods high in vitamin C with foods that contain iron
  • cook your plant foods to improve the amount of available iron
  • avoid having tea, coffee or calcium during or directly after having a source of iron
Inflammatory Pathology

Inflammatory Pathology

There are a couple of different markers that indicate inflammation in the body.

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

This is non-specific, which means that there is some chronic inflammation in the body, just what or where is an unknown. Basically the blood is shaken up and allowed to sit and it time that is measured as to how long the red blood cell sediment takes to settle. The longer it takes, the more inflammation there is. As this is not a specific measurement reasons can be varied from bacterial infections, to collagen or vascular disease, cancers and lymphoma.

CRP C-Reactive Protein

Good to find acute illness as it rises quickly 4-8 hours after any tissue damage. It becomes it’s highest at 24-72 hours and returns to normal after 2-3 days.
It depends on the result level as to interpret the results. It could be something like an upper respiratory infection, sinusitis, pneumonia, appendicitis or post operative sepsis.

While there are similarities, there are significant differences of ESR to CRP and CRP maybe low when ESR is raised in certain illness.

Basically you want both of these to be 0 because you don’t want any inflammation in the body.

Ferritin

Is your storage of Iron stores and should be at 100. It also is affected by inflammation and may be seen high in Iron rich tissues like the liver, Gut, spleen and lymph system.

Pathocize (exercise for your pathology)

Identify cause of inflammation and address illness
If a specific dis-ease is unknown and there is general inflammation it maybe dietary.
• If you do nothing else, stop eating gluten
• Remove all grains from your diet
• Reduce or cut out dairy
• Eat fresh vegetables daily
• Have fresh fruit – 1 or 2 pieces daily (make one a older variety apple)
• Consume good quality proteins and vary these during the day
• Make sure your bowels are open and you are ‘moving’ everyday
• Drink purified water and lots of it generally 35ml per kg of weight
• Breathe, get outdoors and take in some lovely fresh oxygen
• Exercise, walking, swimming, yoga, if you don’t move it, you lose it
• Stress reduction, taking time out for you, meditation
• Sleep, put in good sleep routine practices
• Supplement with anti-inflammatories like Tumeric, Fish Oil and use Probiotics

White Blood Cell Pathology

White Blood Cell Pathology

This section of Pathology is found in the Haematology below the Haemoglobin section.

White blood cells are your immune defence system. If any results are raised it means some sort of invasion – bacterial, viral, parasites or auto immune responses. There are 5 types to take a look at.

 

Neutrophils (think bacterial)

Neutropenia is having too little of these white blood cells. That opens you up to bacterial infections. It also maybe because you have just fought off a bacterial or viral attack.

Low neutrophils may be B12 or folate deficiency, hypertension, thyrotoxicosis or malignancy. Some drugs also lower these immune cells including chemotherapy.

Neutrophils may also become high (Neutrophilia). This can be a current bacterial infection, or virus like Chicken pox, a recent injury or burn, heart attack or surgery. Malignancy, smoking and vigorous exercise and some drugs like steroids, epinephrine, heparin and cytokines can raise neutrophils.

 

Lymphocytes (think viral)

Stress commonly causes low Lymphocytes (Lymphopenia), other causes may be kidney failure, AIDS, drugs or some sort of immunosuppressive therapy.

A high amount of Lymphocytes (Lymphocytosis) may reflect an infection by a virus like epstein barr virus (EBV), hepatitis, herpes and whooping cough. It may also be from smoking, some anti-depressant drugs like SSRI’s and hormone gland diseases like hyperthyroidism and addison’s disease.

 

Monocytes (think detective)

Are the largest of the White Blood Cells. They are in force when there is bacterial, parasite and Rickettsial infections. Will show high in inflammatory disorders like ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease and chronic skin conditions like Psoriasis.

 

Eosinophils (think allergy & parasites)

These are mainly seen as a result of drug reactions, allergy or parasitic infestations of the gut like hookworm, eczema and psoriasis.

 

Basophils (think allergy & parasites as well)

Not as common as Eosinophils.  High levels may indicate allergic or inflammatory reactions from drugs or food sensitivities, ulcerative colitis or hormonal issues like hypothyroidism and oestrogen supplementation.

 

Pathocize (exercise for your pathology)

Look after your immune system with Zinc and Vitamin C
Reduce Stress
Look after your gut function with pre and probiotics
Note what is going on with your gut – do you need to do a parasite cleanse?
If you are having allergy type reactions you may need to look at what exposures you are having to histamines. You may need to support the histamine pathways with B3, B12 and folate.

 

This downloadable PDF from Swiss Interest Group Histamine Intolerance is a great reference for histamine foods.

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