Why you may not be ‘letting go’ so easily

Why you may not be ‘letting go’ so easily

My nudie almost 3 year old was running around the house …… singing
”Let it Go……..Let it go” in an off-key shrill voice..…..and it got me to thinking how relevant that is when it comes to passing fecal matter.

Why you may not be “Letting go” so easily


1. Are you eating enough

Stand up for a moment and place your hands on your hips. Now put your right hand above the hip on the soft part of your waist, that is about the area when your large intestine begins, then trace your hand up to your ribs (ascending colon) to below your ribcage then go across to the left side of the ribs (transverse colon) and straight down (descending colon) to where your left hand is on your hip. It is about 1.5 metres long.

This large tube is a succession of pouches called Haustra. Visualise the Roman Blinds with the cords that when you pull, the curtain goes up and forms pouches.

Two types of movement propels the semi-fluid mixture called chyme (say KIM) along to its’ final destination.

The first is when these pouches are filled up enough, the distention causes the walls to contract and the contents are pushed onto the next pouch. The second is the muscles of the intestine (like the cords in the roman blinds) that provide contractions along the whole of the large intestine squeezing the chyme along called peristalsis.

Can you now understand why you need volume for this process to work? The large intestine requires that distention of the walls for the contraction to propel the chyme along.


2. Are you eating regularly?

Peristalsis, mentioned earlier, is initiated by food in the stomach. During or after a meal a mass pertistaltic action takes place which quickly propels the sitting chyme from the transverse colon (the part of the colon going across from right to left) down to the end of the colon to the rectum.


3. Are you drinking enough water?

If you are not passing a stool daily, straining or sitting on the toilet too long it may be due to lack of fluid.

My textbook tells me that about 9.3 Litres of water enter the small intestine each day coming from ingestion of liquids 2.3 Litres and other gastrointestinal secretions (7.0 Litres).1 Did you read that………. “Ingestion from liquids 2.3 Litres.” Do you drink that much? Do you drink extra water for every coffee or tea (herbals okay) that you drink?

The body’s secretions in a day are 1 litre for saliva, 2 Litres for gastric juice, Bile 1 Litre, Pancreatic juices 2 Litres, Intestinal juice 1 Litre, Small Intestine a whooping 8.3 Litres and Large Intestine 900ml. Total 9.2 Litres. Only 100ml is excreted with faeces. 1

You don’t get good results by cleaning your dishes in minimal dirty dishwater, why treat your body that way. Drink fresh filtered (no plastics please) water.

By the way, dehydration has already occurred before the sensation of thirst is noticed. 1


4. Are you toilet trained?

Do you listen and act on your urges? Are you rushing out the door and don’t have time or hate going anywhere but to your own toilet.

As you are aware you can control when to open the bowel. If you do not ‘go’ when the green lights say too, the stool will sit back and wait until you are ready. This can cause excessive water re-absorption causing hard dry stools which make the end result take longer and may cause haemorrhoids from straining.

Pick a time of a day that suits and routinely take time to retrain the bowel.


5. Are you exercising?

Regular physical activity tones up the muscles and reflexes and keeps peristalsis active.
6. Do you take Medications?

Some medications that may be causing constipation are 15

Prescription – Opiates, Anticholinergics, Tricyclic antidepressants, Calcium channel blockers, Sympathomimetics, Antipsychotics, Diuretics, Antihistamines.

Over the Counter (OTC) – Antacids, especially calcium containing, Calcium supplements, Iron supplements, Antidiarrheal agents, NSAIDS.


7. Are you getting enough fibre?

There are two types of fibre, soluble and insoluble.

Soluble fibre has a gel consistency and tends to slow the movement of digested matter through the tract. Examples are beans, oats, barley, broccoli, prunes, apples and citrus fruits.1

Insoluble fibre is structural parts of plants which tend to sweep through the colon unchanged and increases the speed through the tract. Examples are fruit and vegetable skins and bran coating around wheat and corn kernels. 1


8. Are you holding on to emotions?

Louise Hay writes that for every condition in the body there is a NEED FOR IT. Otherwise, we would not have it. The symptom is only an outer effect. We must go within to dissolve the mental cause. Work on the WILLINGNESS TO RELEASE THE NEED for constipation, prior to begin the new thought pattern affirmation. 8

Her interpretation of Constipation is “Refusing to release old ideas. Stuck in the past. Sometimes stinginess.” 8

Affirmation: As I release the past, the new and fresh and vital enter. I allow life to flow through me. 8

Annette Noontil in her book The Body is the Barometer of the Soul, So Be Your Own Doctor II, writes that constipation is “A bottling up of what you want to say, and not saying it. 9


9. What can I do to improve my bowel action?

Eat more foods that lubricate the Intestine. 3

Alfalfa sprouts
Pine nut
Sesame seed/oil


Eat more foods which promote bowel movement. 3

Black sesame seed
Bran from oats, wheat or rice
Castor oil
Sweet potato


Eat more Flora enhancing foods. 3

Chlorophyll-rich foods – wheat grass, dark greens, micro-algae (wild blue-green and spirulina) and alfalfa greens
Dairy yoghurt
Seed yoghurt


Try these probiome enriching Recipes

Lactobacillus Starter Culture – Whey Derived. 11

• 1 litre milk (biodynamic, organic, unhomgenised, unpasteurised)
It is critical to use unhomogenised, unpasteurised milk to make your culture, as these processes kill the friendly bacteria which you need to make whey.
Place the milk in a warm place away from direct sunlight. Leave the milk for 2-4 days. The milk will curdle and separate, giving you half curds and half whey.
Whey is the clear yellowy liquid. Strain the mixture through a strainer lined with cheesecloth, muslin or a clean tea towel.
Gather the cheesecloth up and tie some string around it and hand it up so that whey strains out. (You can use the curds as a delicious soft cheese by adding a pinch of celtic sea salt).
Store the whey in the fridge as needed. It will keep for up to 6 months.
They whey is your lactobacillus starter culture, from which you can develop your own healthy lactobacillus drinks, supplements, vegetables and ferments.
** You can also purchase potent probiotic cultures to obtain natural and friendly bacteria.
** With all ferments, if they start smelling bad, discard them. Bad Bacteria smell – Good bacteria don’t!


Rejuvelac 12

To make approximately 3 Cups

1 Cup Wheat berries (organic wheat)
3 Cups spring or filtered water
A container – a glass jar with a wide mouth

1. Wash seed by rinsing well and scrub seeds with hands to remove any out residue in a bowl. Allow dead seeds to float to top and skim them off and discard – they will not promote fermentation.
2. Place the wheat in the large glass jar and fill with the filtered water
3. Soak the wheat berries for the first time for 48 hours. (The seed is becoming porous)
4. Cover the jar with a sprouting screen top or muslin
5. Keep in a dark quiet place. You will start to notice that the water water will get cloudy and little bubbles will start forming.
6. After 48 hours pour off your rejuvelac. Use for that day. It needn’t be refrigerated, but will keep several days if it is.
7. Pour another 2 cups of spring or filtered water into the jar. Allow water to ferment only 24 hours before pouring off.
8. Repeat 24hr cycles for 3 days, so wheat berries are soaked a total of 3 times.

In summer the warmer temperature will increase the fermentation time. Reduce the first 48 hours to 36 and the following 24 hour cycles to 16 hours each. You may like to experiment with millet, oats, rice, barley, rye, buckwheat etc.


Simple Sauerkraut 11

60 Minutes Total Time

• 2 Kilograms cabbage (2-3 kg of shredded cabbage)
• 2 Tablespoons sea salt
You will also need: Mason jars with airlocks.

Finely shred the cabbage and place it in a bowl in batches, sprinkling each batch with a layer of sea salt. When you are finished with the shredding, use your hands to massage it well until it breaks down and becomes soft (about 10 minutes). Pack very tightly into jars, pushing all of the cabbage down until it is completely submerged by liquid.

Tighten the lid and ensure the airlock is installed properly. Let ferment on the countertop for 3-4 weeks, at which point you can remove the airlock and put a regular lid on it. It will keep for a few months in the refrigerator.

Variations: The possibilities of fermented vegetables are endless – you can use different types of cabbage, carrots, beets, garlic, ginger, and many other vegetables in different combinations to make a rich array of probiotic foods.


Avoid these foods 3

All products with baking soda/powder, alcohol, tea, yeasted breads, refined white foods – white flour products, white sugar, white rice

This is a general guide, those with coeliacs or non-coelic gluten sensitivity should avoid gluten in oats, barley and bran coating on wheat and corn kernals

Other Remedies to check out if you are still ‘stuck’


Powerful Laxative (Cathartic) herbs

Cascara bark – acts on the peristaltic movement 4
Rhubarb root – taken in small doses it tones the intestinal wall, promotes appetite and can disperse any developing gas 4
Senna – promotes peristalsis movement via the blood stream rather than local irritation 6
Aloe – In small doses, it gives tone to intestinal muscle. In larger doses, it becomes a strong purgative, increasing colonic secretions and peristaltic contractions in the large intestine. It is harsher on the system than other anthraquinone laxatives, such as cascara and senna. 15

The above herbs should be used in extreme cases and under qualified supervision.7

They are not to be prescribed for long term use and Contra-Indications may apply.


Bulk Catharthic Herbs

These work by absorbing fluid, creating bulk and thus stimulating fecal movement.7
Slippery Elm – is also a source of water soluble and insoluble fibre5
Flax, fenugreek13 and psyllium – are highly nourishing demulcent seeds.3
Mix equal portions
Soak 3 Tblsp and eat once or twice daily
If you just have one of the seeds then do the same as above once or twice daily
These are a preferred option to dependence on bran. 7


Living Flower Essences

Dampiera “The freedom of letting go”
Physically – apply to lower abdomen to relieve constipation, oral doses for chronic problem. 10

Red Beak Orchid – Embracing wholeness
Red & Green Kangaroo Paw – The quality of closeness
Start’s Spider Orchid – The direct approach
Used in combination on the Ear (Auricular) – Acu point for constipation 10


Homoepathics indicated with Constipation symptom 14

Alumina – (Oxide of Aluminium) – Hard, dry knotty, no desire
Apis Mellifica (The Honey-Bee) – feels as if something would break on straining
Arsenicum Album (Arsenious Acid) – Burning pain and pressure in rectum and anus, stool small, offensive, dark
Bryonia (Wild Hops) – stools hard, dry, as if burnt, seem too large
Calcarea Carbonica (Arsenite of Lime) – stool large and hard, stool at first hard, then pasty, then liquid
Causticum – soft and small, size of goose-quill, hard, tough
Graphitis (Black Lead) – large, difficult, knotty stools united by mucus threads
Lachesis (Bushmaster) – offensive stool
Lycopodium (Club Moss) – stool hard, difficult, small, incomplete
Natrum Muriaticum (Chloride of Sodium) – stool dry, crumbling
Nux Vomica ( Poison Nut) – incomplete and unsatisfactory, with frequent ineffectual urging, feeling as if part remained unexpelled
Opium (Dried Latex of the Poppy) – obstinate, no desire to go to stool, round, hard black balls
Phophorus – very fetid stools and flatus, long, narrow, hard, like a dog’s, difficult to expel
Plumbum Metallicum (Lead) – stools hard, lumpy, black, with urging and spasms of anus
Sepia (Inky Juice of Cutlefish) – large, hard stools, feeling of a ball in rectum, cannot strain
Silicea (Silica) – always before and during menses
Thuja (Arbor Vitae) – with violent rectal pain, causing stool to recede
Zincum Metallicum (Zinc) – hard, small, constipated stool

Homoepathics taken singularly are usually prescribed constitutionally. That is the remedy is best suited to the whole person, not just one symptom. However taken at 30C, a physical dose may help for the short term. Prolonged use of the incorrect homeopathic or a higher dose may see other symptoms of that remedy emerge, however, these will stop once the remedy is no longer taken. Often, retail homoepathics are combinations of many remedies and are designed to treat a symptom, not the whole person.

Oh and to close, in case you were wondering what is faecal matter actually is

Chemically faecal matter consists of water, inorganic salts, sloughed off epithelial cells from the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract, bacteria, products of bacterial decomposition and undigested parts of food. 1

The colour comes from a by product of bile which is produced by the liver and breaks down fats. The main colour of bile is bilirubin that gets recycled and eventually finally broken down in the intestine. One of the by products of that process is stercobilin which is the colour of the feces. 1



1 Totora GJ & Grabowski SR (1996) PRINCIPLES of anatomy and physiology (8th
Edition) USA: Harper Collins
2 http://www.medicinenet.com/constipation/page2.htm
3 Ptichford Paul (1993) HEALING with Wholefoods Berkeley, California: North Atlantic Books
4 Hoffman David (2002) COMPLETE Illustrated Guide to The holistic herbal London: Element Books Limited
5 www.mediherb.com
6 Fisher Carole, Painter, Gilian ((1996) MATERIA Medica of Western Herbs for the Southern Hemisphere Australia
7 Anderhuber Ricki (2002) HERBAL Therapeutics Course notes for students of Herbal Medicine Perth WA
8 Hay Louise (1984) HEAL your Body NSW Australia: Specialist Publications
9 Noontil Annette (1998) THE body is the barometer of the soul II Australia: McPherson’s Printing Group
10 Barnao Vasudeva & Kadambii (1997) AUSTRALIAN flower essences for the 21st century
Perth: Advance Press
11 www.victusnutrition.com
12 Wigmore Anne (1978) RECIPES for Longer Life Anne Wigmore and Hippocrates Health Institute USA
13 http://naturalagroproducts.com/fenugreek.html
14 Kent James Tyler (1998) REPERTORY of the homoeopathic materia medica and a
work index New Delhi: B. Jain Publishers Pvt Ltd
15 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK10506/

Iron Pathology

Iron Pathology

Feeling fatigued, pale, inside of bottom eyelids pale? You may be lacking Iron

Iron is needed to make the red blood cell to carry oxygen around the body. Not enough Iron, not enough red blood cells.

Iron is naturally lower in the blood in the afternoon, so you may feel a bit tired.

Iron deficiency can be cause by direct blood loss via menses, pregnancy and abnormal bleeding. Inside the digestive system – stomach by ulcers, NSAIDS, intestines by hookworm, and large bowel by tumors, ulcerative colitis and haemorrhoids. You may not be having enough iron in your diet or unable to absorb it.



Carries the iron around the body.

It can be raised when the body is looking for Iron in cases of iron deficiency, Oestrogens, OCP, pregnancy, hypothyodism, B12 or folate deficiency or acute liver disease.

It’s reduced with chronic inflammatory and liver disease, malabsorption, malignancy, renal disease, thyrotoxicosis, steroid therapy and haemochromatosis



Should be 10-50%. The closer to 50% you are the better.



This is your Iron stores and should be at 100. It also is affected by inflammation.  High levels might be caused from inflammation in iron rich tissues like the liver, gut, spleen and lymph system, so an investigation with a C-Reactive Protein (CRP) test is a good way to check that out.

High levels maybe from Iron overload like genetic haemochromatosis or fatty liver, alcohol, liver disease, malignancy, renal failure, thyroiditis, anorexia or blood infusion.
Low levels maybe from the same as low levels of Iron as they are draining the Iron stores.

Think of Iron in the blood as spending your cash and Transferrin as your cash card, so when you run out of cash you have it and always needing Ferritin as money in the bank with a balance of $100.


Pathocize (exercise for your pathology)

Ensuring you have good levels of Iron, check for anyone with haemochromatosis in your family. This can be masked while still having your menses and is revealed during menopause.


 Iron is found in these foods http://www.nutritionaustralia.org/national/resource/iron

Food Serving size Iron content
  Chicken liver 100g 11mg
  Beef 100g 3.5mg
  Kangaroo 100g 3.2mg
  Kidney beans 1 cup 3.1mg
  Green lentils 1 cup 3.0mg
  Tofu 100g 2.96mg
  Chickpeas 1 cup 2.7mg
  Lamb 100g 2.5mg
  Cashew nuts 30g (20 nuts) 1.5mg
  Salmon 100g 1.28mg
  Raw spinach 1 cup 1.2mg
  Tinned tuna 100g 1.07mg
  Rolled oats 30g 1.1mg
  Almonds 30g 1.1mg
  Lamb brains 100g 1.0mg
  Dried apricot 30g (5 dried apricots) 0.93mg
  Broccoli 1 cup 0.86mg
  Pork 100g 0.8mg
  Cooked brown rice 140g (1 cup) 0.7mg
  Chicken 100g 0.4mg
  Snapper 100g 0.3mg


  • eat foods high in vitamin C with foods that contain iron
  • cook your plant foods to improve the amount of available iron
  • avoid having tea, coffee or calcium during or directly after having a source of iron
Inflammatory Pathology

Inflammatory Pathology

There are a couple of different markers that indicate inflammation in the body.

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

This is non-specific, which means that there is some chronic inflammation in the body, just what or where is an unknown. Basically the blood is shaken up and allowed to sit and it time that is measured as to how long the red blood cell sediment takes to settle. The longer it takes, the more inflammation there is. As this is not a specific measurement reasons can be varied from bacterial infections, to collagen or vascular disease, cancers and lymphoma.

CRP C-Reactive Protein

Good to find acute illness as it rises quickly 4-8 hours after any tissue damage. It becomes it’s highest at 24-72 hours and returns to normal after 2-3 days.
It depends on the result level as to interpret the results. It could be something like an upper respiratory infection, sinusitis, pneumonia, appendicitis or post operative sepsis.

While there are similarities, there are significant differences of ESR to CRP and CRP maybe low when ESR is raised in certain illness.

Basically you want both of these to be 0 because you don’t want any inflammation in the body.


Is your storage of Iron stores and should be at 100. It also is affected by inflammation and may be seen high in Iron rich tissues like the liver, Gut, spleen and lymph system.

Pathocize (exercise for your pathology)

Identify cause of inflammation and address illness
If a specific dis-ease is unknown and there is general inflammation it maybe dietary.
• If you do nothing else, stop eating gluten
• Remove all grains from your diet
• Reduce or cut out dairy
• Eat fresh vegetables daily
• Have fresh fruit – 1 or 2 pieces daily (make one a older variety apple)
• Consume good quality proteins and vary these during the day
• Make sure your bowels are open and you are ‘moving’ everyday
• Drink purified water and lots of it generally 35ml per kg of weight
• Breathe, get outdoors and take in some lovely fresh oxygen
• Exercise, walking, swimming, yoga, if you don’t move it, you lose it
• Stress reduction, taking time out for you, meditation
• Sleep, put in good sleep routine practices
• Supplement with anti-inflammatories like Tumeric, Fish Oil and use Probiotics

White Blood Cell Pathology

White Blood Cell Pathology

This section of Pathology is found in the Haematology below the Haemoglobin section.

White blood cells are your immune defence system. If any results are raised it means some sort of invasion – bacterial, viral, parasites or auto immune responses. There are 5 types to take a look at.


Neutrophils (think bacterial)

Neutropenia is having too little of these white blood cells. That opens you up to bacterial infections. It also maybe because you have just fought off a bacterial or viral attack.

Low neutrophils may be B12 or folate deficiency, hypertension, thyrotoxicosis or malignancy. Some drugs also lower these immune cells including chemotherapy.

Neutrophils may also become high (Neutrophilia). This can be a current bacterial infection, or virus like Chicken pox, a recent injury or burn, heart attack or surgery. Malignancy, smoking and vigorous exercise and some drugs like steroids, epinephrine, heparin and cytokines can raise neutrophils.


Lymphocytes (think viral)

Stress commonly causes low Lymphocytes (Lymphopenia), other causes may be kidney failure, AIDS, drugs or some sort of immunosuppressive therapy.

A high amount of Lymphocytes (Lymphocytosis) may reflect an infection by a virus like epstein barr virus (EBV), hepatitis, herpes and whooping cough. It may also be from smoking, some anti-depressant drugs like SSRI’s and hormone gland diseases like hyperthyroidism and addison’s disease.


Monocytes (think detective)

Are the largest of the White Blood Cells. They are in force when there is bacterial, parasite and Rickettsial infections. Will show high in inflammatory disorders like ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease and chronic skin conditions like Psoriasis.


Eosinophils (think allergy & parasites)

These are mainly seen as a result of drug reactions, allergy or parasitic infestations of the gut like hookworm, eczema and psoriasis.


Basophils (think allergy & parasites as well)

Not as common as Eosinophils.  High levels may indicate allergic or inflammatory reactions from drugs or food sensitivities, ulcerative colitis or hormonal issues like hypothyroidism and oestrogen supplementation.


Pathocize (exercise for your pathology)

Look after your immune system with Zinc and Vitamin C
Reduce Stress
Look after your gut function with pre and probiotics
Note what is going on with your gut – do you need to do a parasite cleanse?
If you are having allergy type reactions you may need to look at what exposures you are having to histamines. You may need to support the histamine pathways with B3, B12 and folate.


This downloadable PDF from Swiss Interest Group Histamine Intolerance is a great reference for histamine foods.

Lipid Pathology

Lipid Pathology

What is your cholesterol like?

As the major fat going through the arteries it is super important to keep this within range.  Risks of having high cholesterol are a heart and blood vessel disease.  Arteriosclerosis (hardening of the blood vessel walls so they can no longer contract), vascular thrombosis (a blood clot in the vein going back to the heart) or stroke (where there’s a blood clot or blood vessel bursts in the brain) are diseases of the blood vessels. 


LDL Low Density Lipoprotein

LDL usually makes up about 80% of total cholesterol in a normal person. Having high cholesterol is seen as a risk marker for heart and blood vessel disease.  Two main reasons are that a family member has it (hereditary) and diet high in saturated fat.  It is lucky you can change the later within weeks. 

Having a low thyroid function, drinking too much alcohol or a disease of the liver or kidneys can be a reason for high cholesterol.  Also some drugs like steroids, clyclosporin can cause raised LDL levels.


HDL High Density Lipoprotein

I always remember this as the good cholesterol because it has a higher amount (density) of protein.  Because of this it doesn’t have much room to carry cholesterol as it returns to the liver. But the LDL Low Density Lipoprotein has a smaller protein amount and more room to carry cholesterol.  This is often called the ‘bad’ cholesterol and it takes fat into the tissues.



Tri (meaning 3) gly (for glycerol) is the framework on which the fat is stored.  These are made from the fats and  carbohydrates that you eat. They are either used up for energy or stored in the body in fat cells.

If you have on going high triglycerides it is useful to check out the other blood results too. 

Reasons for high triglycerides can be that it is in the family and also that you are overweight.  Not having much physical activity, diabetes, enjoying a lot of fats and carbohydrates in your food and drinking too much alcohol can all cause high Triglycerides.  There maybe some other reasons like Hypothyroidism, liver, kidney and pancreatic  disease.  Pregnancy can also cause raised triglycerides. 

CVD Risk

Finally the Cardio Vascular Risk

This compares the ‘bad’ cholesterol (LDL) with the “good’ (HDL) cholesterol to give an estimate of your cardio vascular risk.  It is a ratio from fats going to the tissues and the fats back to the liver.


Pathocise (exercise for your pathology)

Your doctor may recommend drugs like Statins, Beta-Blockers or ACE inhibitors. Oestrogens and Selective estrogen receptor modulators like Tamoxifen, Thyroid hormones with neomycin (can result in a 25% fall in cholesterol)

Ideally get onto the right diet and remove trans-fatty acids.  These are high in deep fried/fast foods. Fill yourself with better options:

Saturated fats – are solid at room temperature, like butter and coconut oil, animal fats like lard or tallow.

Good sources of polyunsaturated fats – these stay liquid at room temperature like wild-caught fish, pasture-raised meats and eggs.

Here is a guide from https://coconutsandkettlebells.com/good-fats-vs-toxic-fats/

You may also need to take some CoQ10/Ubiquinol, particularly if you are taking Statins or Beta Blockers.

Keeping the bowels open with good amounts of fibre and stabilising your glucose levels can help.

Liver Pathology

Liver Pathology

You may have had a liver function test come back out of range and the Doctor has asked you to have a repeat test in a month or so. This is because the enzymes maybe raised due to lifestyle choices rather than any significant disease process.


AST Aspartate Transaminase

These enzymes don’t float around in the blood for long and it’s only 16 hours before their amounts are halved. The main cause for raised AST is liver damage. The enzyme can also be found in muscles surrounding the bone, and the heart and in organs like the kidneys, pancreas, spleen and lung. It is useful to know what the AST level is to help work out the most likely cause of the raised result.


ALT Alanine amino transferase 

Most of this enzyme comes from the bone and liver and is seen high in times of growth – childhood, puberty, breast feeding and menopause and when a broken bone is mending.

This enzyme is more likely to be related to bile flow rather than the liver itself.
It takes about 16 – 60 hours for this enzyme to reduce by half


GGT Gamma Glutamyl Transferase

The liver produces most of this enzyme and is the biggest reclyer of Glutathione the most important detoxifier. This liver enzyme result is not too helpful on it’s own as it is in the kidneys, pancreas, heart, brain and prostate as well, so other signs and symptoms need to be checked out before drawing any conclusions.
Reasons why it may be raised are: Alcohol, some drugs like NSAIDS, statins, antibiotics, H2 Receptor blockers, anti-convulsants, antifungal agents, antidepressants and testosterone. It may also mean issues with cholesterol and a fatty liver.


Pathocize (exercise for your pathology)

AST depends of Vitamin B6
AST depends on Vitamin B6
ALP depends on Magnesium and Zinc and good amounts of protein
GGT Minimising alcohol intake and unnecessary medications. Eating a healthy ‘good’ fat diet

Ensuring your bowels are open daily

Liver protective herbs like St Mary’s Thistle, Globe Artichoke, Blupleurum and Andrographis can be helpfu


Vitamin B6 Foods https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/vitamins/vitamin-B6

Food Serving Size Vitamin B6 (mg)
Salmon, wild (cooked) 3 ounces* 0.48-0.80
Potato, Russet, with skin (baked) 1 medium 0.70
Turkey, light meat (cooked) 3 ounces 0.69
Avocado 1 medium 0.52
Chicken, light meat without skin (cooked) 3 ounces 0.51
Spinach (cooked) 1 cup 0.44
Banana 1 medium 0.43
Dried plums, pitted 1 cup 0.36
Hazelnuts (dry roasted) 1 ounce 0.18


*A three-ounce serving of meat or fish is about the size of a deck of cards.


Magnesium Foods


Food Serving Size Magnesium (mg)
Dark Chocolate 100 grams 327
Halibut 1/2 fillet 170
Spinach, cooked 1 cup 157
Seeds, pumpkin and squash 1 oz approx (142 seeds) 151
Beans, black 1 cup 120
Fish: Mackerel, Pollock and Tuna 100 grams 97
Okra, frozen 1 cup 94
Beans and Lentils: White Beans, Kidney Beans, and Garbanzo Beans 100 grams 86
Almonds 1oz 80
Dark Leafy Greens: Spinach, Chard and Kale 100 grams 79
Dried Fruit: Prunes, Apricots, and Dates 100 grams 68
Plantain, raw 1 medium 66
Nuts, peanuts 1 oz 64
Avocado 1 Medium 58
Whole grain cereal, cooked 1 cup 56
Scallop 6 large 55
Rockfish 1 fillet 51
Figs 1/2 cup 50
Oysters 3 oz 49

Whole Grains: Brown Rice, Quinoa

and Bulgur

100 grams 44
Tofu 1/4 block 37
Bananas 100 grams 27
Broccoli, raw 1 cup 22



Zinc Foods https://www.healthbeckon.com/zinc-rich-foods/

Food Serving Size Zinc (mg)
Oysters (Cooked) 100gm 78.6mg
Wheat Germ (Toasted) 100gm 16.7mg
Beef (Lean, Cooked) 100gm 12.3mg
Veal Liver (Cooked) 100gm 11.9mg
Pumpkin & Squash Seeds (Roasted) 100gm 10.3mg
Sesame Seeds 100gm 10.2mg
Dark Chocolate 100gm 3.3mg
Dried Herbs & Spices (Chervil) 100gm 8.8mg
Lamb (Lean, Cooked) 100gm 8.7mg
Peanuts (Roasted) 100gm 3.3mg


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